Radio propagation is affected by many factors, including the frequency, distance, antenna heights, curvature of the earth, atmospheric conditions, and the presence of hills and buildings. The influence of each of these factors at frequencies above about 30 megacycles is discussed, with most of the quantitative data being presented in a series of nomograms. By means of three or four of these charts, an estimate of the received power and the received field intensity for a given point-to-point radio transmission path ordinarily can be obtained in a minute or less. The theory of propagation over a smooth spherical earth is presented in a simplified form that is made possible by restricting the frequency range to above about 30 megacycles, where variations in the electrical constants of the earth have only a secondary effect. The empirical methods used in estimating the effects of hills and buildings and of atmospheric refraction are compared with experimental data on shadow losses and on fading ranges.
La expansión de los sistemas móviles, sobre todo en medios urbanos y grandes ciudades y el uso de nuevas bandas de frecuencias, requirió disponer de métodos para pronóstico de coberturas radio. En este artículo se describe uno de los más utilizados.